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Jeep’s 4X4 System – Part 1

Are you an adventurous person who has to reach the high rocky mountains with your favorite Jeep, below you can find info which makes you learn even more on 4X4 system which helps you to reach the peak.

Basics:

From paved roads to the ones less traveled, these 4×4 systems arm you with advanced traction and handling no matter where adventure takes you. Here you’ll learn what it means to have legendary Jeep capability.

The information on this blog is not a model or year specific. Please refer to your owner’s manual for information pertaining to your specific Jeep vehicle.

There are several types of Trac’s we will discussing some of them below. Let’s Gooo!.

Rock-Track 4X4

The Rock-Trac heavy-duty part-time 4×4 system features Brake Lock Differential for superior capability in a wide range of conditions and obstacles like steep hills and large rocks. For more extreme situations, the Tru-Lok electronically locking differential answers the call.

The 4:1 low-gear ratio gives you the torque to crawl over the toughest obstacles with a consistent 0.8 km/h speed for greater control. It also features an electronic front sway bar disconnect for legendary Jeep® capability that dominates the rough terrain in Canada.

Standard on Wrangler Rubicon and Unlimited Rubicon

Usage:

During High Range that is all road surfaces, including wet or snow-covered pavement, sand or gravel

In Low range like conditions requiring added low-speed power, technical driving, and situations when added torque is helpful (e.g., pulling a boat trailer out of water).

Command-Trac 4X4

Thanks to a proven shift-on-the-fly system, rock climbing 2.72:1 low range and NV241 GII transfer case, the Command-Trac 4×4 system provides serious confidence whether off-roading or in slippery conditions.

Torque is split up to 50/50 front and rear and neutral is provided for flat towing. For added convenience and adaptability, the system can be shifted from 2WD to 4WD HI at speeds of up to 88 km/h (57 mph).

Standard on Wrangler Sport, Sport S, Willys Wheeler, Unlimited Willys Wheeler, Sahara, Unlimited Sport S and Unlimited Sahara.

Usage:

During high range that is on all road surfaces, including wet or snow-covered pavement, sand or gravel

For Low ranges having conditions requiring added low-speed power, technical driving, and situations when added torque is helpful (e.g., pulling a boat trailer out of water).

Quadra-Trac I 4X4

For those looking for full-time, all-weather capability that adjusts itself automatically to the conditions, the Quadra-Trac I 4×4 system is for you. It senses a change in driving conditions and adapts with no driver input needed.

Power can be split up to 48% front and 52% rear to maximize traction. It also combines with the standard Brake Lock Differential and 4-Wheel-Brake Traction Control System for confidence to tackle a wide range of surfaces and weather conditions.

Standard on Grand Cherokee Laredo.

Usage:

During High range that is on all road surfaces, including wet or snow-covered pavement, sand or gravel

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Dodge Viper ACR with 13 Track Records

Dodge Viper ACR is the street legal sports car with a weight of 1538.6 kilograms, 481Kw(645HP) power, Independently adjustable suspension and 771kg down-force at 285 km/hr. 

The interesting thing is all these 13 track records were done without a professional record. Dodge not only broke the previous records bu also broke records of all production cars in all 13 tracks

Its first Track was Inde Motorsports Ranch; Wilcox, Ariz. / Configuration 4 which has 2.20-mile track and it was cleared in 1:33.75 time. And the rest is history!!!

Dodge is the only production which has the 13 track records in the world.

Below is the video where you can see the Venomous Viper’s Records.

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Mazda – Engineered to Celebrate Driving !!!

Every Mazda was was built with the goal of bringing joy to the people. They engineer a responsive drive that makes people feel connected. The safety technology gives even more confidence behind the wheel. 

Design

Each and every car in Mazda’s lineup is made to appeal to the senses, and design is the language used to communicate. The design philosophy of Mazda is KODO: “Soul of Motion”, which allows designers to imbue each model with its own personality while staying true to a unifying theme. The Process called “Exploratory Preparation” begins with human hands creating true art. 

Mazda uses more clay than any other carmaker. The Artisans shape the clay until the ideal lines reveal themselves and only then do they collaborate with digital modelers. This traditional/digital partnership takes the best of both worlds to create uniquely appealing designs. The color designer and master painter work together to make sure the designer’s color is translated perfectly onto the newly built cars. 

Interior Indulgence

The Expert fabricator like Koji Fijii who crafts it into a scale model and his goal is to create a model even “more perfect than the real car”. The designers take great pride in every aspect of an interior being intuitively placed and pleasing to the touch. An environment is created that encourages a bond between driver and car after countless sketches and revisions. 

Innovation

Mazda’s new technology, SKYACTIV-VEHICLE DYNAMICS with G-Vectoring Control, helps achieve a smoother, less fatiguing drive for you and your passengers. i-ACTIVSENSE is the moniker for Mazda’s suite of available advanced safety technologies. It uses milliwave radars and cameras to keep you in tune with your surroundings. 

The i-ACTIV AWD system delivers traction and confidence on every type of road surface and in every type of weather. the i-ELOOP brake energy regeneration system converts kinetic energy into electricity as the car decelerates. It can then be used to power the headlights, climate control, audio system or any other electrical equipment. MAZDA CONNECT allows you to access the information you need and the entertainment you want.

Safety

Active Safety Technology helps the driver prevent accidents by supporting his or her ability to predict and avoid hazards through visual and auditory alerts. Pre-Collision Safety Technology helps reduce the severity of a collision when one becomes unavoidable. The passive Safety Technology includes the rigid SKYACTIV-Body with ring structure, seatbelt with pretensioner and load limiter, anti-intrusion brake pedal, SRS Airbag Systems, and more. 

The Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) reduces accidents and congestion by receiving and transmitting information about the location of pedestrians and other cars, then relaying it to drivers. Although it is not yet available, they continue to invest in this technology in the hope of one day making accidents a thing of the past.  

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Brand New Mazda CX-9 2017

When you are a fan of sports cars and also you have a family to ride with, you can always go to Mazda’s CX-9. Brand new Mazda Cx-9 2017 gives you safety, speed and also a classy look.

Mazda offers cars that you can feel safe and secure driving, based on its cutting-edge safety technologies. Let’s have a look at Technologies.

DYNAMIC PRESSURE TURBO ENGINE

The CX-9’s SKYACTIV-G 2.5-liter engine features an innovative dynamic pressure turbocharger that gives you power as soon as you hit the gas, nearly eliminating “turbo lag.” This instantaneous response is an important part of Mazda’s Jinba Ittai philosophy, which strives to achieve oneness between car and driver.

CONFIDENCE FOR MORE DRIVING ENJOYMENT

Weather and road conditions can change in an instant. That’s why Mazda’s available smart predictive i-ACTIV AWD all-wheel-drive system is on alert, monitoring conditions and ready to adjust power delivery to help give you optimal traction before your wheels can slip.

THE SUV ENGINEERED FOR DRIVERS

In every car we make, the focus is on responsiveness and driving enjoyment. Mazda’s three-row SUV is no exception. Engineered from the ground up with SKYACTIV TECHNOLOGY, the CX-9 offers outstanding driving dynamics while achieving up to an EPA-estimated 28 HWY MPG.

PREDICTIVE I-ACTIV AWD

By monitoring everything from outside temperature to throttle input and braking patterns, available i-ACTIV AWD predicts when an all-wheel drive might be needed. Then it preemptively optimizes torque distribution to help curb traction loss.

DISTANCE RECOGNITION SUPPORT SYSTEM

At speeds above 19 mph, available Distance Recognition Support System12 measures the distance between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead and recommends a comfortable following distance. If your vehicle encroaches on this distance, a warning light illuminates.

TECHNOLOGY THAT INSPIRES CONFIDENCE

That’s what available i-ACTIVSENSE safety innovations give you. They use advanced technologies like milli-wave radars and cameras to give you a sixth sense for safety, helping to alert you to hazards before they happen. It’s another way Mazda lets you focus on what matters most: driving.

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DODGE VIPER SRT COUPE

Do you know which production car has the track record at 13 different race tracks?

You may think of cars that might cost you in millions but actually it the car that will cost the tenth of it- it’s a Dodge

Today we are discussing on one of Dodge’s venoms car Viper.

SUSPENSION

The Dodge Viper includes a high-performance suspension consisting of aluminum bodied Bilstein dampers or a driver-selectable suspension featuring Bilstein DampTronic Select shock absorbers with street and track settings.

ELECTRONIC STABILITY CONTROL

A five-mode Electronic Stability Control System allows drivers to customize the system control to best match the driving conditions and style desired.

Balance it all with nimble and precise steering, standard 295-mm front and 355-mm rear Pirelli P Zero Z-rated tires that combine for an extremely wide tire patch, and you’ve got your hands full of something special.

It just feels right.

ENGINE

Let’s discuss on the Engine factors of this reptile

Viper SRT Coupe is with Venomous Version 10 engine is handcrafted, the all-aluminum 8.4L V10 engine located mid-front that delivers 645 hp and 600 ft of torque – the most torque of any naturally aspirated sports-car engine in the world.

BRAKING

Braking is firm and confident even under extreme track conditions. And for serious racers, optional Brembo carbon ceramic brake rotors and pads offer superior performance by maintaining their strength after numerous hard stops and holding up better with repeated use. The ACR model features even larger brakes for further heightened performance

8.4-INCH TOUCHSCREEN

The world is at your fingertips with the Uconnect 8.4 NAV System, featuring an 8.4-inch touchscreen, GPS Navigation, HD Radio, Voice Command, Hands-Free Calling, standard SRT Performance Pages, Bluetooth Streaming Audio and available Uconnect Access with downloadable apps, mobile access, and Wifi Hotspot.

7-INCH CLUSTER DISPLAY

Rethink the way you drive with the 7-inch reconfigurable Driver Information Digital Cluster Display. Get real-time information on performance, Navigation and vehicle status using full-color graphics that are seamlessly integrated with the analog instrumentation.

 

Learn how to push your vehicle to the limit with instruction from some of the best drivers in the world. Learn how to push your vehicle to the limit with instruction from some of the best drivers in the world. 

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ALL-NEW JEEP COMPASS LIMITED – GRAND TECHNOLOGY

Every All-New Jeep Compass Trail-hawk proudly wears the Trail Rated badge—signifying its ability to perform well under various off-road conditions. It carries on the Jeep Brand tradition of having legendary traction, ground clearance, maneuverability, articulation and water fording abilities.

Jeep Compass is the Most Capable Compact SUV Ever. Get behind the wheel and head north, south, east or west–it’s ready to explore in whatever direction you choose. The Select-Terrain Traction Management System, combined with the Jeep Active Drive Low 4×4 System, delivers outstanding on-road traction and Best-in-Class off-road performance.

As we have already discussed on features and safety. Let’s go explore the technical features of Compass.

TOW HOOKS

Bold red tow hooks on the All-New Jeep Compass Trail-hawk provide superb functionality as well as adding a striking appearance feature that makes the vehicle instantly identifiable.

OFF-ROAD FEATURES

The All-New Jeep Compass Trail-hawk has increased ground clearance, underbody skid plates and an aggressive front and rear fascia for Best-in-Class approach and departure angles

POWERING

Efficiency meets responsive power under the hood of the All-New Jeep Compass. A dynamic 2.4L Tigershark MultiAir 2 engine provides drivers with unsurpassed highway fuel economy and Best-In-Class 4×4 fuel economy. Choose from a six-speed manual and a six- or nine-speed automatic transmission for enhanced performance and smooth shifting. Fuel-saving Stop/Start technology is standard with the automatic transmission. Stop/Start technology shuts the engine off when the vehicle stops and then starts the engine again when the brakes are released.

Performance and efficiency are amplified with the help of the exclusive MultiAir 2 valvetrain system on the 2.4L Tigershark engine. MultiAir 2 technology maximizes intake manifold pressure and manages combustion quality to help the engine run more efficiently and effectively. The available class-exclusive nine-speed automatic transmission further optimizes engine output and enables aggressive launches and smooth power delivery.

WEATHERING

  • Windshield Wiper De-Icer – The available windshield wiper de-icer melts snow and ice from the wiper for increased visibility.
  • Rain-Sensing Wipers – Available rain-sensing wipers automatically active when precipitation is detected.
  • Heated Mirrors – The available heated exterior mirrors prevent ice and fog build up to help keep your rear view clear.

HANDLING AND CAPABILITY – BREATHTAKING

From rural roads to the most modern highways, the All-New Jeep Compass is designed to give you an impressive ride. A stiff body structure combined with a responsive steering system and a frequency-sensitive damping front and rear strut systems add up to excellent handling with maximum control.

TRANSPORTING

When it’s time to haul, the All-New Jeep Compass steps up. The 2.4L Tigershark MultiAir 2 engine provides a maximum towing capacity of up to 2,000 pounds. This tow rating is useful for hauling everything from folding camp trailers to trailers for small boats, motorcycles, and snowmobiles.

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Environmental Technology of Mazda!!!

Mazda is always working hard to develop environmental technologies which will contribute to an exciting and sustainable future for people, automobiles, and the Earth. 

Idling Stop Technology

Idling stop systems save fuel by automatically shutting down the engine when the vehicle is static and restarting it when the vehicle returns to motion. This Technology of Mazda improves fuel economy by approximately eight percent. Mazda’s i-stop restarts the engine through combustion. 

This technology enables the system to restart the engine with exactly the same timing every time, to enhance fuel economy, and to deliver smooth and comfortable acceleration for the driver at restart. The restart takes place in a mere 0.35 seconds, which is about half of the time taken by conventional starter-motor idling stop systems. 

Brake Energy Regeneration System

Brake energy regeneration systems convert a vehicle’s kinetic energy into electricity as the car decelerates. The electricity is then stored for later use. It can be used to power the headlights, climate control, audio system, or any other electrical equipment. This reduces the need for the engine to burn extra fuel in order to generate electricity, and thereby improves fuel economy. 

Electric Vehicle

Mazda undertook development of electric vehicles with the aim of offering all our customers fun-to-drive performance and outstanding environmental and safety performance. The result is the Demio EV which offers both the sporty driving people expect from Mazda and a remarkable driving range of 200 km. 

Electric vehicles have batteries and electric motors instead of engines and fuel tanks, and are powered entirely by electricity. The Demio EV features a unique coil-switching motor which delivers both high torque and high RPMs. Another special feature of electric vehicles is the quietude of the cabin due to the complete lack of engine noise.

Hydrogen Vehicle

Mazda’s hydrogen rotary engine use hydrogen as its fuel, emits no CO2 and offers superb environmental performance. A dual-fuel system allows the vehicle to run on either gasoline or hydrogen. The RENESIS hydrogen rotary engine employs direct injection, with an electronically-controlled hydrogen gas injector.

The Premacy Hydrogen RE Hybrid combines Mazda’s hydrogen rotary engine with a hybrid system for significantly improved performance and practicality. The engine’s reduced intake/exhaust resistance and improved combustion efficiency yields high power output across a wide range of engine speeds.

Bio-based Engineering Plastic

Bio-based Engineering Plastic that can reduce its impact on the environment featuring high-quality finish made from plant derived materials. Mazda has succeeded in developing the automotive industry’s first high-strength heat-resistant plant-derived bioplastic for auto interior parts, and the world’s first biofabric for vehicle seat upholstery made entirely from plant-derived fiber.

This bio-based engineering plastic is used for the first time for interior parts for the all-new Mazda MX-5 was launched globally in 2015. Moving forward, it will be used for exterior parts in other production models due to the outstanding durability.

 

 

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Hyundai Automatic Technologies – Innovation at its Finest

SELF-HEALING SCRATCH SHIELD

Scratch recovery clear (SRC) uses the elasticity of special chemically composed matters in a clear paint that has self-healing properties. Scratches are automatically fixed over a period of time.

Scratch Shield is a clearcoat that is more scratch resistant compared with conventional clearcoats, helping a vehicle maintain its new look for a longer period of time. The paint also repairs fine scratches, restoring a vehicle’s surface close to its original state. Nissan will continue to expand the adoption of Scratch Shield globally.

A special highly elastic resin has been combined with a conventional clearcoat to increase the paint’s flexibility. This has also increased its strength by raising the resin density.

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-The paint does not self-repair if scratches are deep enough to sever the bonds within the clearcoat or if the clearcoat has been peeled off.
-The amount of time required for self-repair depends on the surrounding temperature and the depth of the scratch. In some cases, restoration may take up to one week.

SOLAR CELL SUNROOF

Solar cells are a representative form of environmentally-friendly and renewable energy. We are applying solar cells to automobile sunroofs and using the A/C fan operation to reduce the A/C load during summertime while enhancing cooling performance and cooling fuel efficiency.

toyota-prius-plug-in-solar-panel-e1466444012580

While solar is great as a source of energy and something we follow diligently here, it requires a great deal of space to make it worthwhile for transportation applications. In reality, not much power would have been gained. The previous panels were 50watts or about a 6th of a solid 3’x5′ solar panel. It will reportedly be able to charge your battery pack to contribute to the vehicle’s electric range.

NANO GLASS (WIPERLESS VEHICLES)

Nanotechnology is utilized to automatically remove water or dust from the front windshield without the need for wipers. Space holographic technology is a progressive technology that displays various driving and driver convenience information on the front windshield in the form of a 3D hologram.

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How does it work?

The windshield is made of a special glass with four high-tech layers that change the characteristics of glass at the molecular level.

The outermost layer is based on titanium dioxide: filters the sun and waterproofs the windshield.

The second layer of glass is actually made up of microscopic dust pushing dirt on the sides of the glass.

The third layer contains sensors that sense the dirtiness and wetness of the windshield.

Like an LCD display, the fourth layer conducts electricity, needed to power this complex multilayer windshield.

HONEYCOMB TIRES

The non-pneumatic tires eliminate the possibility of flat tires with its special honeycomb-shaped tires or wheels that are covered in rubber on the outside.

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Lastly, these tires practically eliminate the possibility of flat tires because the honeycomb design eliminates the need for air to be in the tire at all.

Benefits will be No Flat Tires – Ever, You Won’t Need a Spare Tire, Reduced Co2 Emissions and Eco-Conscious.

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Extended Versions of Mitsubishi’s MIVEC Engines

Previously we discussed the all new MIVEC Engine of Mitsubishi. Today we will be resuming the next versions of MIVEC engines namely

1. MIVEC DOHC 16-valve Engine (4B1)

2. MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine (3A9, 3B2)

As we know Mitsubishi Innovative Valve timing Electronic Control system (MIVEC) is the brand name of a variable valve timing (VVT) engine technology developed by Mitsubishi Motors.

Dual Over Head Cam (DOHC)

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In the above picture, you can see there are two separate cam shafts riding atop the head. For DOHC heads, the cams can be tied together with a short chain, then have a separate chain/belt which drives the cams, or can have just a single chain/belt which runs the whole thing. DOHC engines usually have a configuration of 2-intake and 2-exhaust valves per cylinder uses a five valve per cylinder (3-intake and 2 exhausts). In most cases, the cam directly actuates the valve without the use of a rocker arm. 

MIVEC DOHC 16-valve Engine (4B1)

2007_Mitsubishi_Galant_Fortis_4B11_engine

All engines developed within this family have aluminum cylinder block and head, four valves per cylinder, double overhead camshaft layouts, and MIVEC continuous variable valve timing. All variations of 4B1 engine share the same short block. The difference in displacement is achieved by variance in bore and stroke.

The 4B1 engine family is the first to have the continuously variable valve timing MIVEC system applied not only to its intake valves but also to its exhaust valves. The intake and exhaust cam timing is continuously independently controlled and provide four optimized engine operating modes.

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The 4B1 MIVEC engine series used in the Outlander, as well as the Japanese-market Delica D:5 and Galant Fortis models, uses the continuously variable intake and exhaust valve timing MIVEC system that continuously and optimally controls the intake and exhaust valve timing according to engine running conditions. This system delivers high performance and fuel efficiency.

Continuously controlling the intake cam and exhaust cams independently, this system provides a combination of maximum power output, high fuel efficiency, and a high level of environmental performance by making possible more precise valve control according to RPM and engine load than intake-only systems.

MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine (3A9, 3B2)

MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine 3A9

Mitsubishi_3A90_1.0_Cleartec_Engine_Spacestar_2013

The Mitsubishi 3A9 engine is a range of all-alloy three-cylinder engines from Mitsubishi Motors that were jointly developed with 4A9 engine family. They were introduced in the 2003 version of their Mitsubishi Colt supermini, and built by DaimlerChrysler-owned MDC Power in Germany (previously a joint venture). Cool Right..!

MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine 3B2

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The Mitsubishi 3B2 engine is a family of all-alloy three cylinder engines developed by Mitsubishi Motors. The preliminary version of the 659 cc engine was first seen in the “i” Concept test car introduced in 2003 and used Mitsubishi’s Smart Idling system which turns off the engine automatically when the vehicle is stationary and can restart it within 0.2 seconds. So equipped, Mitsubishi claimed the prototype was capable of fulfilling the “three liter initiative” for gasoline engines, meaning fuel consumption of no more than 3.0 liters per 100 kilometers (94.2 mpg, 78.4 U.S. mpg). Can You Imagine..!!

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The MIVEC engine used in “Mirage” model uses the continuously variable intake valve timing MIVEC system that continuously and optimally controls the intake valve timing according to engine running conditions. This system delivers high performance and low fuel consumption.

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