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Jeep’s 4X4 System – Part 1

Are you an adventurous person who has to reach the high rocky mountains with your favorite Jeep, below you can find info which makes you learn even more on 4X4 system which helps you to reach the peak.

Basics:

From paved roads to the ones less traveled, these 4×4 systems arm you with advanced traction and handling no matter where adventure takes you. Here you’ll learn what it means to have legendary Jeep capability.

The information on this blog is not a model or year specific. Please refer to your owner’s manual for information pertaining to your specific Jeep vehicle.

There are several types of Trac’s we will discussing some of them below. Let’s Gooo!.

Rock-Track 4X4

The Rock-Trac heavy-duty part-time 4×4 system features Brake Lock Differential for superior capability in a wide range of conditions and obstacles like steep hills and large rocks. For more extreme situations, the Tru-Lok electronically locking differential answers the call.

The 4:1 low-gear ratio gives you the torque to crawl over the toughest obstacles with a consistent 0.8 km/h speed for greater control. It also features an electronic front sway bar disconnect for legendary Jeep® capability that dominates the rough terrain in Canada.

Standard on Wrangler Rubicon and Unlimited Rubicon

Usage:

During High Range that is all road surfaces, including wet or snow-covered pavement, sand or gravel

In Low range like conditions requiring added low-speed power, technical driving, and situations when added torque is helpful (e.g., pulling a boat trailer out of water).

Command-Trac 4X4

Thanks to a proven shift-on-the-fly system, rock climbing 2.72:1 low range and NV241 GII transfer case, the Command-Trac 4×4 system provides serious confidence whether off-roading or in slippery conditions.

Torque is split up to 50/50 front and rear and neutral is provided for flat towing. For added convenience and adaptability, the system can be shifted from 2WD to 4WD HI at speeds of up to 88 km/h (57 mph).

Standard on Wrangler Sport, Sport S, Willys Wheeler, Unlimited Willys Wheeler, Sahara, Unlimited Sport S and Unlimited Sahara.

Usage:

During high range that is on all road surfaces, including wet or snow-covered pavement, sand or gravel

For Low ranges having conditions requiring added low-speed power, technical driving, and situations when added torque is helpful (e.g., pulling a boat trailer out of water).

Quadra-Trac I 4X4

For those looking for full-time, all-weather capability that adjusts itself automatically to the conditions, the Quadra-Trac I 4×4 system is for you. It senses a change in driving conditions and adapts with no driver input needed.

Power can be split up to 48% front and 52% rear to maximize traction. It also combines with the standard Brake Lock Differential and 4-Wheel-Brake Traction Control System for confidence to tackle a wide range of surfaces and weather conditions.

Standard on Grand Cherokee Laredo.

Usage:

During High range that is on all road surfaces, including wet or snow-covered pavement, sand or gravel

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Mitsubishi adds more Innovation to the list

AS&G – Auto Stop and Go

AS&G idling stop automatically stops and starts the engine when the vehicle stops and starts.

As you can see in the above image, AS&G idling stop automatically stops and starts the engine when the vehicle stops and starts.

Idling Stop is a technology that automatically stops the engine when the vehicle stops. and automatically starts the engine when the vehicle starts moving again, for example when stopped and waiting at a traffic light. By turning off the engine when the car is in use but not moving, fuel economy is improved and CO2 is also reduced as exhaust gasses are eliminated when the engine is off. It works automatically and there is no difference between driving a car with AS&G and a car without it.

ACL – Active Cornering Lights

ACL provides support for night driving by additionally illuminating the direction in which the vehicle is moving in accordance with the steering angle.

35W halogen bulbs are used in the cornering lights. The system links with the turn signal light at speeds of 40km/h or less and also links with the angle of the steering wheel to additionally illuminating the direction in which the vehicle is moving. ACL makes driving at dark intersections, curves, etc. safer.

ACD  – Active Center Differential

The corporate philosophy of Mitsubishi Motors includes “Driving Pleasure” and “Toughness & Safety.” Our Integrated Vehicle Dynamics Control System which controls both the driving force and braking force of the four wheels has made new-generation driving possible.

The ACD is a system that electronically controls the differential limit between the front and rear wheels to distribute an appropriate driving force to the four wheels. The system sets the base driving force distribution to 50:50 and controls the differential limit between the front and rear wheels from “Free” to “Locked 4WD.” It makes precise control a reality by using information about the wheel speed, the steering wheel angle, the engine torque, the brake pressure, and the yaw rate sensor, and combines a high level of traction performance and steering response adapted to the driving conditions.

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Abandoned cars to Colourful gardens

We’ll start with the most obvious reason why cultivating plants is so important

We cannot eat, drink, or breathe without them around. Right!!!

No plants = No life and that can’t be healthy!

People who care on this will always have gardens in their backyard. Because they are green lovers!!

What if a person loves both cars and greens! Well, below you can find cars of those lovers!

The below video is a good message for all citizens

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ALL-NEW JEEP COMPASS LIMITED – GRAND TECHNOLOGY

Every All-New Jeep Compass Trail-hawk proudly wears the Trail Rated badge—signifying its ability to perform well under various off-road conditions. It carries on the Jeep Brand tradition of having legendary traction, ground clearance, maneuverability, articulation and water fording abilities.

Jeep Compass is the Most Capable Compact SUV Ever. Get behind the wheel and head north, south, east or west–it’s ready to explore in whatever direction you choose. The Select-Terrain Traction Management System, combined with the Jeep Active Drive Low 4×4 System, delivers outstanding on-road traction and Best-in-Class off-road performance.

As we have already discussed on features and safety. Let’s go explore the technical features of Compass.

TOW HOOKS

Bold red tow hooks on the All-New Jeep Compass Trail-hawk provide superb functionality as well as adding a striking appearance feature that makes the vehicle instantly identifiable.

OFF-ROAD FEATURES

The All-New Jeep Compass Trail-hawk has increased ground clearance, underbody skid plates and an aggressive front and rear fascia for Best-in-Class approach and departure angles

POWERING

Efficiency meets responsive power under the hood of the All-New Jeep Compass. A dynamic 2.4L Tigershark MultiAir 2 engine provides drivers with unsurpassed highway fuel economy and Best-In-Class 4×4 fuel economy. Choose from a six-speed manual and a six- or nine-speed automatic transmission for enhanced performance and smooth shifting. Fuel-saving Stop/Start technology is standard with the automatic transmission. Stop/Start technology shuts the engine off when the vehicle stops and then starts the engine again when the brakes are released.

Performance and efficiency are amplified with the help of the exclusive MultiAir 2 valvetrain system on the 2.4L Tigershark engine. MultiAir 2 technology maximizes intake manifold pressure and manages combustion quality to help the engine run more efficiently and effectively. The available class-exclusive nine-speed automatic transmission further optimizes engine output and enables aggressive launches and smooth power delivery.

WEATHERING

  • Windshield Wiper De-Icer – The available windshield wiper de-icer melts snow and ice from the wiper for increased visibility.
  • Rain-Sensing Wipers – Available rain-sensing wipers automatically active when precipitation is detected.
  • Heated Mirrors – The available heated exterior mirrors prevent ice and fog build up to help keep your rear view clear.

HANDLING AND CAPABILITY – BREATHTAKING

From rural roads to the most modern highways, the All-New Jeep Compass is designed to give you an impressive ride. A stiff body structure combined with a responsive steering system and a frequency-sensitive damping front and rear strut systems add up to excellent handling with maximum control.

TRANSPORTING

When it’s time to haul, the All-New Jeep Compass steps up. The 2.4L Tigershark MultiAir 2 engine provides a maximum towing capacity of up to 2,000 pounds. This tow rating is useful for hauling everything from folding camp trailers to trailers for small boats, motorcycles, and snowmobiles.

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Hyundai Automatic Technologies – Innovation at its Finest

SELF-HEALING SCRATCH SHIELD

Scratch recovery clear (SRC) uses the elasticity of special chemically composed matters in a clear paint that has self-healing properties. Scratches are automatically fixed over a period of time.

Scratch Shield is a clearcoat that is more scratch resistant compared with conventional clearcoats, helping a vehicle maintain its new look for a longer period of time. The paint also repairs fine scratches, restoring a vehicle’s surface close to its original state. Nissan will continue to expand the adoption of Scratch Shield globally.

A special highly elastic resin has been combined with a conventional clearcoat to increase the paint’s flexibility. This has also increased its strength by raising the resin density.

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-The paint does not self-repair if scratches are deep enough to sever the bonds within the clearcoat or if the clearcoat has been peeled off.
-The amount of time required for self-repair depends on the surrounding temperature and the depth of the scratch. In some cases, restoration may take up to one week.

SOLAR CELL SUNROOF

Solar cells are a representative form of environmentally-friendly and renewable energy. We are applying solar cells to automobile sunroofs and using the A/C fan operation to reduce the A/C load during summertime while enhancing cooling performance and cooling fuel efficiency.

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While solar is great as a source of energy and something we follow diligently here, it requires a great deal of space to make it worthwhile for transportation applications. In reality, not much power would have been gained. The previous panels were 50watts or about a 6th of a solid 3’x5′ solar panel. It will reportedly be able to charge your battery pack to contribute to the vehicle’s electric range.

NANO GLASS (WIPERLESS VEHICLES)

Nanotechnology is utilized to automatically remove water or dust from the front windshield without the need for wipers. Space holographic technology is a progressive technology that displays various driving and driver convenience information on the front windshield in the form of a 3D hologram.

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How does it work?

The windshield is made of a special glass with four high-tech layers that change the characteristics of glass at the molecular level.

The outermost layer is based on titanium dioxide: filters the sun and waterproofs the windshield.

The second layer of glass is actually made up of microscopic dust pushing dirt on the sides of the glass.

The third layer contains sensors that sense the dirtiness and wetness of the windshield.

Like an LCD display, the fourth layer conducts electricity, needed to power this complex multilayer windshield.

HONEYCOMB TIRES

The non-pneumatic tires eliminate the possibility of flat tires with its special honeycomb-shaped tires or wheels that are covered in rubber on the outside.

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Lastly, these tires practically eliminate the possibility of flat tires because the honeycomb design eliminates the need for air to be in the tire at all.

Benefits will be No Flat Tires – Ever, You Won’t Need a Spare Tire, Reduced Co2 Emissions and Eco-Conscious.

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THE NEW KIA – SOUL EV

 

As a clean alternative fuel vehicle, the Soul EV is eligible for a High-Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) decal in select states such as California. So, you can use HOV lanes even when you’re driving solo, which can help shorten your commute time. Many other states have similar HOV lane and toll incentives for Soul EV.

Exterior:

The Soul EV’s bold style is so distinctly Soul, you need a double take to realize it’s an EV. A closer look reveals premium features all its own, like blue-accented fog lights, exclusive front- and rear-fascia designs, and the Eco Electric badge. No grille and no exhaust pipe mean progressive, clean lines for a cleaner environment.

Headlights – Blue-accented Projector Beam Headlights give you a crisp look and clear visibility of the road. With Auto Light Control, the headlights automatically turn on or off as needed to save energy.

Wheels – The aerodynamic 16-inch Alloy Wheels are engineered to reduce road vibration and increase efficiency. Plus the Super Low Rolling Resistant (SLRR) Tires offer less drag, giving you improved driving range.

Front – The unique body-color front bumper has a sleek, new look. And no gas engine under the hood means a grille-free front end for improved aerodynamics.

Rear – It’s a departure that draws attention. It is designed as the lower fascia to be strong and sporty. And no exhaust pipe gives you a cleaner, no-emissions drive.

Interior:

Fortuitous Comfort levels– The Soul EV and iconic Soul were redesigned together to provide exceptional comfort and maximum flexibility. The Soul EV’s split-folding rear seats offer ample cargo space and a variety of storage options. And the under-floor battery means plenty of interior space for your friends. From the exclusive bio-sourced materials and available leather seating all the way down to the distinctive highlight stitching—this modern interior looks, feels, and does good.

More Spacious – With the Soul EV, you don’t have to compromise interior space or versatility. The 60/40 split-folding rear seats offer up to 49.5 cubic feet of cargo volume, and the hidden luggage under tray makes storing your 120-volt charging cord easy. From the ample headroom and legroom to the flexible cargo space, the Soul EV is made for hauling friends and all your gear.

Performance:

  • It’s a thrilling and responsive drive with 210 lb.-ft. of instant torque. Smooth designed an electric motor for quiet efficiency and engineered a state-of-the-art regenerative braking system that helps recharge the battery. The result is satisfying EV performance with maximized range and assured handling.
  • The Soul EV’s electric motor offers 109 horsepower.
  • It’s unique, multi-layer magnet design provides quiet, smooth-power performance. And its lightweight design helps deliver swift acceleration for an exciting and efficient drive.
  • Every part of the Soul EV is designed with efficiency in mind even braking.
  • Every time you decelerate or go downhill, the regenerative braking system recovers kinetic energy that would otherwise be lost. That energy goes straight to recharging the battery.
  • With an electric drivetrain, there’s no revving up or switching gears. The Soul EV’s electric motor delivers 210 lb.-ft. of instant torque, giving you immediate responsiveness and smooth, dynamic acceleration the moment you put your foot on the pedal.

Safety:

Kia is committed to helping you stay safe on the road. Featuring smart passive safety systems, like a reinforced structure and advanced airbags, the Soul EV is designed to help deliver added protection. So you can drive with peace of mind.

Airbags – Featuring dual front, front-seat-mounted side, and full-length side curtain airbags. Plus high-tech sensors to help control airbag inflation.

Structure – The Soul EV’s front and rear crumple zones help absorb and dissipate the energy from an impact. Side-impact steel beams reinforce the doors to help absorb impact energy and deflect side-impact force.

Seat Belts – Complete with over-the-lap and shoulder straps, each seat in the Soul EV includes 3-point seat belts to help secure you and your passengers during an impact. And front seat-belt pretensions are made to tighten up the slack on seat belts to help keep occupants restrained during certain collisions.

Child-Safe – Securely and conveniently install a child seat with the Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) system. Plus, rear child-safety door locks allow you to turn off the interior door-opening mechanism, preventing passengers from opening the rear doors from the inside.

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Extended Versions of Mitsubishi’s MIVEC Engines

Previously we discussed the all new MIVEC Engine of Mitsubishi. Today we will be resuming the next versions of MIVEC engines namely

1. MIVEC DOHC 16-valve Engine (4B1)

2. MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine (3A9, 3B2)

As we know Mitsubishi Innovative Valve timing Electronic Control system (MIVEC) is the brand name of a variable valve timing (VVT) engine technology developed by Mitsubishi Motors.

Dual Over Head Cam (DOHC)

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In the above picture, you can see there are two separate cam shafts riding atop the head. For DOHC heads, the cams can be tied together with a short chain, then have a separate chain/belt which drives the cams, or can have just a single chain/belt which runs the whole thing. DOHC engines usually have a configuration of 2-intake and 2-exhaust valves per cylinder uses a five valve per cylinder (3-intake and 2 exhausts). In most cases, the cam directly actuates the valve without the use of a rocker arm. 

MIVEC DOHC 16-valve Engine (4B1)

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All engines developed within this family have aluminum cylinder block and head, four valves per cylinder, double overhead camshaft layouts, and MIVEC continuous variable valve timing. All variations of 4B1 engine share the same short block. The difference in displacement is achieved by variance in bore and stroke.

The 4B1 engine family is the first to have the continuously variable valve timing MIVEC system applied not only to its intake valves but also to its exhaust valves. The intake and exhaust cam timing is continuously independently controlled and provide four optimized engine operating modes.

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The 4B1 MIVEC engine series used in the Outlander, as well as the Japanese-market Delica D:5 and Galant Fortis models, uses the continuously variable intake and exhaust valve timing MIVEC system that continuously and optimally controls the intake and exhaust valve timing according to engine running conditions. This system delivers high performance and fuel efficiency.

Continuously controlling the intake cam and exhaust cams independently, this system provides a combination of maximum power output, high fuel efficiency, and a high level of environmental performance by making possible more precise valve control according to RPM and engine load than intake-only systems.

MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine (3A9, 3B2)

MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine 3A9

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The Mitsubishi 3A9 engine is a range of all-alloy three-cylinder engines from Mitsubishi Motors that were jointly developed with 4A9 engine family. They were introduced in the 2003 version of their Mitsubishi Colt supermini, and built by DaimlerChrysler-owned MDC Power in Germany (previously a joint venture). Cool Right..!

MIVEC DOHC-12valve Engine 3B2

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The Mitsubishi 3B2 engine is a family of all-alloy three cylinder engines developed by Mitsubishi Motors. The preliminary version of the 659 cc engine was first seen in the “i” Concept test car introduced in 2003 and used Mitsubishi’s Smart Idling system which turns off the engine automatically when the vehicle is stationary and can restart it within 0.2 seconds. So equipped, Mitsubishi claimed the prototype was capable of fulfilling the “three liter initiative” for gasoline engines, meaning fuel consumption of no more than 3.0 liters per 100 kilometers (94.2 mpg, 78.4 U.S. mpg). Can You Imagine..!!

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The MIVEC engine used in “Mirage” model uses the continuously variable intake valve timing MIVEC system that continuously and optimally controls the intake valve timing according to engine running conditions. This system delivers high performance and low fuel consumption.

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Chrysler Town & Country cars – Woodie Years

In the modern age, we see all stylish metallic body cars with a wide variety of colors. During 1940 -1950, Chrysler Town & Country manufactured two famous Woodie cars with a steel roof.

  1. 1942 Chrysler Town & Country (pre-war)
  2. 1948 Chrysler Town & Country (post-war)

Chrysler’s Town & Country wagon was distinguished by woodgrain paneling on the body sides and tailgate, a feature also associated with competitive wagons such as the AMC Ambassador, Buick Estate, Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser, Ford Country Squire, and the Mercury Colony Park.

1942 Chrysler Town & Country (pre-war)

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They made their debut with 4 door wagon body styles with 8 passengers. The wagon was front engine, rear wheel drive layout (FR Layout), a traditional automobile layout for most of the cars during those times.

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It used the roof of the concurrent Chrysler Imperial 4-door 8-passenger limousine, which led to a rear loading configuration with wooden double doors (also called ‘Barrel Back‘ doors) that opened out from the center beneath the fixed backlight (rear window). We are particularly drawn to the pre-war fastback sedans, which themselves played a part in replacing wood with metal. They were the first Woodie long-roofs to have an all-steel roof.

The 1942 model year Town & Country had an abbreviated production run due to the World War II. Less than one-thousand units had been produced since the vehicle’s introduction a year earlier.

1948 Chrysler Town & Country (post-war)

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During 1946 Town & Country nameplate returned with 4-door sedan and 2-door convertible. Chrysler built seven pre-production Town & Country cars of 2-door hardtop body style during the 1946 model year and went into full production during four model years later (1950).

The 1948 Chrysler Town & Country had 2-door convertible from a 4-door sedan with just very few improvements. It had the same front engine, rear wheel drive layout (FR Layout). It was quite relative to Chrysler Imperial, Chrysler Windsor, and DeSoto Custom.

The 1950 Town & Country 2-door hardtop was the last true original Woodie offering, ever, during its one-model-year production run.

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The 1950 Crosley Hot Shot is often given credit for the first production disc brakes but the Chrysler Imperial Crown actually had them first as standard equipment at the start of the 1949 model year. The Chrysler 4-wheel disc brake system was built by Auto Specialties Manufacturing Company (Ausco).

 

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Kia Stinger – Drive Wise Technologies

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Offering luxurious amenities and unexpected features have become part of Kia’s DNA and the Stinger continues that tradition.

The car is apparently going to be available with two turbocharged engines. One of them being a 3 liter twinturbo V6 with 365 bhp, which should make it go from 0-100 in the 5 seconds market and have a top speed of 269 kph.

DRIVEWISE TECHNOLOGY:

Driver Attention Alert (DAA)

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Multiple Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) seamlessly work together to enhance the driving experience. Traffic Safety Administration conservatively estimates that police-reported crashes are the direct result of driver fatigue each year. This results in more injuries and even deaths. A Kia first is the new Driver Attention Alert (DAA) system to help combat distracted or drowsy driving.  The system monitors a number of inputs from the vehicle and the driver and will sound a warning chime and display a graphic in the instrument binnacle that it’s time to take a break from driving if it senses the driver’s attention level has been significantly reduced.

Forward Collision Assistance (FCA)

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A collision avoidance system is an automobile safety system designed to reduce the severity of a collision. It uses radar (all-weather) and sometimes laser (LIDAR) and camera (employing image recognition) to detect an imminent crash. GPS sensors can detect fixed dangers such as approaching stop signs through a location database. Once the detection is done, these systems either provide a warning to the driver when there is an imminent collision or take action autonomously without any driver input, by Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB). Collision avoidance by braking is appropriate at low vehicle speeds (e.g. below 50 km/h), while collision avoidance by steering is appropriate at higher vehicle speeds. Cars with collision avoidance may also be equipped with adaptive cruise control, and use the same forward-looking sensors.

Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB)

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The Autonomous Emergency Braking System (AEBS) is an assistance system and does not relieve the driver from his/her responsibility to safely operate the vehicle at any time. The driver still has to adapt his/her driving behaviour to his/her personal driving capabilities, to the legal requirements and to the overall road and traffic conditions. AEBS is not designed to drive the vehicle autonomously. For further information, please refer to the owner’s manual.

Rear Cross Traffic Alert (RCTA)

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Rear cross traffic alert is designed to warn you of cars that are entering your backing path. You may not be able to see these cars as quickly as your rear cross traffic alert system can on a road or in a parking lot. Sensors around the rear of the car detect vehicles approaching from the left and right. A warning tone and flashing light on the mirrors or dashboard alert the driver to stop. These systems only work when you are backing straight out of a space or driveway. They don’t work in angled parking spots.

Lane Keep Assist (LKA)

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It actively monitors the vehicle’s intended lane and will alert the driver with an audible warning along with providing steering input to help maintain the vehicle’s position.

Advanced Smart Cruise Control (ASCC)

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A radar sensor at the front of the car monitors the gap between the vehicle ahead. The system automatically applies the brakes to maintain a Pre-determined ‘safe’ distance and will even bring the vehicle to a complete stop, if necessary. The system will initiate take-off when car ahead moves on. Set and maintain a constant speed, and simply step on the brake or accelerator when you want to disengage.

Kia’s Perfect Coupe

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